I appologize for the late response, but I have family in town, so I haven't had time to think about this much...
Not actually Ã¢â‚¬ËœindependentÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ of human opinion, it would be more correctly stated that it is a society norm held unanimously.
A society norm is nothing more than human opinion. We could go on and ask, is murder for greed independant of societal norms wrong? Answer: yes it is. Result: then a moral law exits, and all that I stated still holds.
Exchange shame for remorse as explained above (poor selection of words on my part). Remorse however may prevent you from committing the act a second time, and as a way of apologising to the group that you offended.
I don't see where this help your case much, but if you think so its fine. I'm sorry for murdering that person, everythings fine now!
If only that were true, but it is well documented that much (but not all) morality (or conscience) is a learned behaviour.
Its true that people learn a certain amount of standards from their culture. God's word even states so:
PRO 22:6 Train up a child in the way he should go
, Even when he is old he will not depart from it.
However, that doesn't mean that God hasn't instilled in us a basic level of morality from which most of the human race operates:
ROM 2:14 For when Gentiles who do not have the Law do instinctively the things of the Law
, these, not having the Law, are a law to themselves,
is what God has given each of us so that the human race can survive.
I think the whole argument boils down to a single question. Can materialistic processes explain the origin of morality?
The answer to that is a clear NO
. There is no know materialistic process that can generate non-materlial entities.
Morality is a non-material entity, and requires a non-material source.Conclusion
: The evolution of materialistic process did not produce morality.
Morality is a type of information, and information requires a mental origin. Even as you stated above, children learn much morality from there parents. Where did the parents get the information from? Where did their parents, parents get the information from? Where did their parents, parents, parents, parents,...... get the information from?Answer: God
IMO, the existance of morality, like the existance of the information in DNA, is a powerful argument against evolution, and at the same time, for the existance of God.
I think its also worth noting a remarked difference between evolutionary thinking, and biblical thinking.
Evolutionists believe that emotion is the key to proper human behavior, where christians understand that thinking is the key proper human behavior.
This can be seen from the statements about remorse and shame being determining/decisive factors in social norms. Conversely; the bible tells christians to:
ROM 12:2 And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may prove what the will of God is, that which is good and acceptable and perfect.
1CO 2:16 For who has known the mind of the Lord, that he should instruct Him? But we have the mind of Christ.
This is not knew, as seen in the debate between Fred Coppleston and Bertrund Russel:
Bertrand Russell [BR]: You see, I feel that some things are good and that other things are bad. I love the things that are good, that I think are good, and I hate the things that I think are bad. I donÃ¢â‚¬â„¢t say that these things are good because they participate in the Divine goodness.
Frederick Copleston [FC]: Yes, but whatÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s your justification for distinguishing between good and bad or how do you view the distinction between them?
BR: I donÃ¢â‚¬â„¢t have any justification any more than I have when I distinguish between blue and yellow. What is my justification for distinguishing between blue and yellow? I can see they are different.
FC: Well, that is an excellent justification, I agree. You distinguish blue and yellow by seeing them, so you distinguish good and bad by what faculty?
BR: By my feelings.
The impact of evolutionary dogma has led to much of the desrtuctive irrational behavior in our society, since it has people operating more on human emotion that the rational thought of their creator, Jesus Christ.