(NaturalNews) One in seven scientists report that they have known colleagues to falsify or slant the findings of their research, according to a study conducted by researchers from the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, and published in the journal PLoS One.
The researchers reviewed the results of 21 different scientific misconduct surveys that had been performed between 1985 and 2005. All respondents were asked whether they or anyone they knew of had taken part in either fabrication (outright invention of data) or "questionable practices."
One in seven scientists said that they were aware of colleagues who had engaged in fabrication, while nearly half -- 46 percent -- admitted to knowing of colleagues who had used questionable practices. Only two percent, however, admitted to fabricating results themselves.
This serves to highlight what I've said before:
Due to our understanding of human nature, it is customary to presume the results of such studies understate the problem. The reason is that honest people do not desire to falsely report dishonesty, while dishonest people will gladly omit to report it.
1.) Without history, there is no other science
2.) Because all other science relies upon history, no other science can be more reliable. The maximum limit for reliability is set by the limit of history.
The reason is simple. Except in cases where one does the observing oneself, one relies upon the reports made by others. These reports of past events are history.