First you wanted an example of matter coming from nothing, then you switch to asking for a violation of the 1st law. These are two different requests because the uncertainty principle permits temporary increases in mass/energy.
Is that your 'observed evidence' that the 1st Law was/is violated? Yes/no.
Quote: "Vacuum energy is an underlying background energy that exists in space even when the space is devoid of matter (free space). The concept of vacuum energy has been deduced from the concept of virtual particles, which is itself derived from the energy-time uncertainty principle" (Wikipedia)
You mean as in 'virtual reality'? (wink) To use as an example of your 'evidence' that scientists have measured a blip which seems to appear out of nowhere and just as quickly vanishes is supposed to answer to the fact that our physical world is visible, measureable, and testable at every moment of time? So where is the creation of matter out of nothing by natural processes? Your little 'blip' won't do it.
Do you accept the vacuum as an example of nothing?
Do you accept that virtual particles have mass?
Do virtual particles come from the vacuum?
If you answer yes to these questions then you are acknowledging that mass has been observed to come from nothing. How long it lasts is a function of the amount of mass borrowed from nothing and governed by the Uncertainty principle. The more mass borrowed, the shorter the time of existence before it gets returned and vice versa. There's no overall violation of the 1st law because there's no net increase in mass/energy.
The universe, which the available evidence suggests has a total of zero mass/energy, would be an example of nothing coming from nothing. There's no net mass/energy to return to vacuum which means that the Uncertainty principle allows the universe to be permanent. There's no violation of the 1st law because there's no net increase in mass/energy.
http://arxiv.org/abs/gr-qc/0605063 Calculation showing exact zero from theory
http://www.curtismen...oEnergyCalc.htm Calculation showing zero within a margin of error from mass of observable universe
Expansion of the universe is what permits the development of order. If you had some gas in a balloon, it would be at maximum entropy for that balloon configuration, no work would be possible for that gas inside that balloon. If you pop the balloon and release the gas into a room, there is suddenly a much higher limit of maximum entropy while the gas is temporarily at a lower state of entropy than the new maximum. Work is possible in this state. When the gas has expanded to fill the room it will once again be at maximum entropy. If the room is opened and the gas released into the whole building the maximum possible entropy has increased, and work is possible until the gas expands to fill the building.
First point is a giant assumption since there is NO humanly possible way to verify that, (remember you need empirical evidence as verification)
What I'd like to know is that if the natural prerogative of the universe is to go from order to chaos, (entropy), then by what natural mechanism was order created?
The universe could start at a state of maximum entropy and by expanding, the maximum possible entropy would be able to increase faster than the actual entropy level.
Here's an example with some arbitrary numbers to help visualize the idea.
Start entropy: 1
Max entropy: 1
Current entropy: 2
Max entropy: 3
Note that there would be no decrease in entropy so the 2nd law is not violated. As long as current entropy is not equal to max entropy, work and order is permitted.
Although entropy does increase in the model of an expanding universe, the maximum possible entropy rises much more rapidly...