There are such huge problems for a 'big bang' (I like to call it the 'big fizzle')universe and the supposed 13.7 (or was that 13.8...or was it 14 billion light yrs age, or...?) most of all being that it is pure guesswork on the part of those who promote it. But let's examine one of the biggest of the problems as described by those who teach it:
Quote: "The horizon problem is a problem with the standard cosmological model of the Big Bang which was identified in the late 1960s, primarily by Charles Misner. It points out that different regions of the universe have not "contacted" each other because of the great distances between them, but nevertheless they have the same temperature and other physical properties. *This should not be possible, given that the transfer of information (or energy, heat, etc.) can occur, at most, at the speed of light.
One solution to the horizon problem is the theory of cosmic inflation. (I don't agree with their interpretation on this either but we will discuss it later)
"When one looks out into the night sky, distances also correspond to time into the past. A galaxy measured at ten billion light years in distance appears to us as it was ten billion years ago, because the light has taken that long to travel to the viewer. If one were to look at a galaxy ten billion light years away in one direction, say "west", and another in the opposite direction, "east", the total distance between them is twenty billion light years. This means that the light from the first has not yet reached the second, because the 13.8 billion (really?) years that the universe has existed simply is not a long enough time to allow it to occur. In a more general sense, there are portions of the universe that are visible to us, but invisible to each other, outside each other's respective particle horizons.
"In standard physical theories, no information can travel faster than the speed of light. (Oh? Then how does the event horizon (i.e. 'edge) travel faster than the stars/galaxies in the first place? And, that being so...how do they derive information about a huge expanse of what must be totally empty space by now to even know it exists?) In this context, "information" means "any sort of physical interaction". For instance, heat will naturally flow from a hotter area to a cooler one, and in physics terms this is one example of information exchange. Given the example above, the two galaxies in question cannot have shared any sort of information; they are not in "causal contact". One would expect, then, that their physical properties would be different, and more generally, that the universe as a whole would have varying properties in different areas.
"Contrary to this expectation, the universe is in fact extremely isotropic, which also implies homogeneity. The cosmic microwave background radiation (CMB), which fills the universe, is almost precisely the same temperature everywhere in the sky, about 2.728 +/- 0.004 K. The differences in temperature are so slight that it has only recently become possible to develop instruments capable of making the required measurements.This presents a serious problem; if the universe had started with even slightly different temperatures in different areas, then there would simply be no way it could have evened itself out to a common temperature by this point in time."
This point alone is devasting to the present theory of cosmic evolution and the 'big bang'/long age idea of the universe, but you won't find many who believe in it who are willing to admit it.
I should point out here that if the universe is a mere 6,000 yrs old then this problem does not exist. Uniformity of temperature would be the same throughout as we measure it now...approx. 2.7 K. But understand that 6,000 yrs by our clock and 13.7 billion yrs from God's perspective are probably the same thing. It just depends on who made the yardstick and how it was calibrated.
"According to the Big Bang model, as the density of the universe dropped (while it expanded) it eventually reached a point where photons in the "mix" of particles were no longer immediately impacting matter; they "decoupled" from the plasma and spread out into the universe as a burst of light. This is thought to have occurred about 300,000 years after the Big Bang. (Do you see the assumptions they make? They don't know this but they want you to THINK that they know.)The volume of any possible information exchange at that time was 900,000 light years across, using the speed of light and the rate of expansion of space in the early universe. Instead, the entire sky has the same temperature, a volume 1088 times larger.
So they describe the theory and the problems with the theory; Do they have a solution to this problem? No, but again they want you to THINK they have a solution...because, they must save the theory of longevity (a very old universe) at all cost.
Quote: "The theory of cosmic inflation provides one solution to the problem (along with several others such as the flatness problem) by postulating a short 10−32 second period of exponential expansion (dubbed "inflation") in the first seconds of the history of the universe. During inflation, the universe would have increased in size by an enormous factor. Prior to the inflation the entire universe was small and causally connected; it was during this period that the physical properties evened out. Inflation then expanded the universe rapidly, "locking in" the uniformity at large distances.
One consequence of cosmic inflation is that the anisotropies in the Big Bang are reduced but not entirely eliminated. Differences in the temperature of the cosmic background are smoothed by cosmic inflation, but they still exist." (All quotes from Wikipedia)
10−32 second??? By what experiment can they deduce that the universe was projected into a much larger space at the aforesaid time frame? None. The 10−32 second idea is arbirtrary and so are any numerical values that are given to help them 'solve' their dilemma. But of course those geniuses who expect us to believe their nonsense don't have a clue why the 'big bang' even occurred in the first place nor where all the matter and energy originated...in the first place.
(P.S. most of their sources on this come from Scientific American).