This would more refer to the Philology department.
Take a look at ancient Greek, Latin, Celtic, Old-Saxon, Norse language. Their grammar tends to be more complex and the vocabulary more rich.
Martin Heidegger demonstrated this e.g. in "Einfuehrung in die Metaphysik" - Introduction to Metaphysics.
He demonstrates that the word Being had first many different words used for it, which is demonstrated with the various forms of the word (am, are, is - was, were, will be, etc. ) and in German (bin, bist, ist, sind seid) he contrasts to the word Greek word of Physics. The conclusion is that the present Indogermanic languages are a refragmentation of an earlier, far more complex Proto-Indogermanic language who lost many words and nuances of grammar after the people distributed (or did they distribute they had their Logos (Word thinking) confounded as well?).
Yes but in languages which are more complex in one aspect, such as the verbal endings in the likes of Latin which you mentioned will be simpler in other aspects.
There's actually a decent article on it on AUG here https://answersingen...itive-language/
Or any one of these articles from a Google search https://www.google.c...-moKPLU8genhaRQ
I know I'm not supposed to let the links do the talking but I can only post from my phone these days and I'm definitely NOT debating anyway, just an interesting wee side conversation. So hopefully I'll get away with it.
The way complexity in language systems work is there is a balancing point between ease of delivery and ease of reception. Each can neither be too complex or too simple otherwise communication breaks down .
I'll bookmark this post so when I eventually get home and to my laptop we can continue talking about it, even if it's through the private message function as no doubt the topic will have shifted dramatically by then.