Incorrect, the gathering of empirical data through the visual sense does not require the other senses or close proximity.
Incorrect Scanman, again; you are attempting to use the Ã¢â‚¬Å“deductive methodÃ¢â‚¬Â as if it were the Ã¢â‚¬Å“inductive methodÃ¢â‚¬Â. The deductive method uses observation + metaphysical methods (i.e. mathematics etcÃ¢â‚¬Â¦) to support a hypothesis, and that is in no way empiricism. Although the deductive scientific method is a type of scientific investigation, it is not empiricism. In the deductive scientific method a scientist will pose a question and formulate a hypothesis as a potential explanation or answer to the question. The hypothesis will be tested through a series of experiments. The results of the experiments will either prove or disprove the hypothesis. Hypotheses that are consistent with available data are conditionally accepted but they are not empirically verified, they are Ã¢â‚¬Å“a prioriÃ¢â‚¬Â (Ã¢â‚¬Å“from the formerÃ¢â‚¬Â) because they are applied independently of experience. There is nothing experiential in looking through a telescope and making assumptions about places you have not been.
Ã¢â‚¬Å“EmpiricalÃ¢â‚¬Â methods are derived from Ã¢â‚¬Å“experienceÃ¢â‚¬Â and are therefore Ã¢â‚¬Å“a posterioriÃ¢â‚¬Â (Latin: Ã¢â‚¬Å“from the latterÃ¢â‚¬Â). Ã¢â‚¬Å“Therefore, empirical data is information that is derived from the trials and errors of experienceÃ¢â‚¬Â. (see below)
If you believe otherwise, please cite your source.
YesÃ¢â‚¬Â¦.According to Oxford English Dictionary
According to the Oxford English Dictionary (2nd Edition, 1989), empiric is derived from the ancient Greek for experience, έμπειρία, which is ultimately derived from έυ in + πεἳρα trial, experiment. Therefore, empirical data is information that is derived from the trials and errors of experience.
In this way, the empirical method is similar to the experimental method. However, an essential difference is that in an experiment the different "trials" are strictly manipulated so that an inference can be made as to causation of the observed change that results. This contrasts with the empirical method of aggregating naturally occurring data.
Adding further confusion is another connotation of empiric. Strict empiricists are those who derive their rules of practice entirely from experience, to the exclusion of philosophical theory.
The OED further states that an empiric is "one who, either in medicine or in other branches of science, relies solely upon observation and experiment" [emphasis added]. In this case, an empiricist can be someone who conducts an experiment but without using a hypothesis to guide the process
, i.e., strictly by the trial-and-error method
. This is counter to one of the main tenets of the scientific method, that of the hypothetico-deductive method, where the manipulation of the variable in an experiment is dictated by the hypothesis being tested.According to McGraw-Hill
The empirical method is generally characterized by the collection of a large amount of data before much speculation as to their significance, or without much idea of what to expect, and is to be contrasted with more theoretical methods in which the collection of empirical data is guided largely by preliminary theoretical exploration of what to expect
. The empirical method is necessary in entering hitherto completely unexplored fields, and becomes less purely empirical as the acquired mastery of the field increases. Successful use of an exclusively empirical method demands a higher degree of intuitive ability in the practitioner. (Percy W. Bridgman, Gerald Holton, "Empirical method", in AccessScience@McGraw-Hill, http://www.accessscience.com, DOI 10.1036/1097-8542.231000, last modified: April 10, 2000